Obesity is one of the most famous reasons that lead to many illnesses and health problems because excessive body weight increases the chances of having serious threatening health problems that can be cured by proper treatment or bariatric surgeries.

It is not just the health problems that make people terrified, it is also the overlook of their bodies and faces. There are many people around the world who feel unsafe or insecure about themselves when it comes to overlook, large segments of these people complain of obesity.

Bariatric surgery in Turkey has been able to solve both health and overlook problems for these people, no wonder that hundreds of thousands of people went to have this surgery. 

But what is bariatric surgery? What are its types? Does it have any disadvantages?

Well, bariatric surgery or obesity surgery is a procedure that removes excess fats and skin from the body to lose weight. In other simple words, it is a surgery to lose weight.

Bariatric surgery is considered to be the most effective way for losing weight, especially that typical methods like daily exercises, severe diet, and other methods cannot come up with a standard result or at least cannot guarantee a pleasant result to the patient. Thus, patients during the last ten years started to quit following traditional methods and do bariatric surgery.

Types of Bariatric Surgeries

There are several types of obesity surgery, each one has a different way of accomplishing the same result which is losing weight. Here are they:

Gastric Bypass Surgery

It is considered to be the most famous and reliable  type of bariatric surgeries. Through this surgery, the stomach is divided into two parts one of them is to be able to contain almost 1 pound, the idea is to make the patient’s stomach smaller than its actual size so it won’t be able to hold much food. Then, the initial part of the small intestine is also divided and the bottom part is connected to the small stomach. This will help in decreasing the absorption of calories. 

Click here Read More on Gastric Bypass Surgery

Advantages of gastric bypass surgery

  • Long term weight loss.
  • Controlling the amount of the consumed food.
  • Achieve some preferred changes in the gut hormones to suppress hunger.

Disadvantages of gastric bypass surgery

  • It is considered a complex surgery.
  • Requires a long stay at the hospital.
  • Might cause vitamin deficiency

You can check here for more info about mini-gastric bypass surgery in Turkey.

Sleeve Gastrectomy

It is also one of the famous surgeries in this field but it is more severe than gastric bypass.

This procedure involves removing 70 to 80% of the stomach and leaving behind only the tubular pouch. Of course, the success of sleeve gastrectomy depends on the amount of food entering the stomach and the impact of the surgery on the gut hormones which control blood sugar levels and reduce hunger. 

Advantages of sleeve gastrectomy

  • Controlling the amount of food that can be held in the stomach
    support fast weight loss
  • Does not involve any bypass of the food stream
  • Shorter hospital stay than bypass
  • Leads to favorable changes in gut hormones that reduce hunger and appetite and enhance satiety

Disadvantages of sleeve gastrectomy

  • Complicated surgery
  • Can lead to a long term vitamin deficiency
  • Cannot be reversed.

For more information about sleeve gastrectomy in Turkey, you can check our page.

Instragastric Balloon

The endoscopic intragastric balloon is a non-invasive operation that aims to make you lose weight with no surgical procedure. It is very safe when it comes to operation complications.

If you are interested in gastric balloon in Turkey, here is our relevant page.

Adjustable Gastric Band

Also known as gastric band surgery which involves putting a band around the upper part of the stomach to create a smaller pouch in the stomach. The idea of creating a smaller pouch is to satirize the amount of food entering the stomach. The size of the pouch can be adjusted by injecting sterile saline into the band. 

Advantages of gastric band surgery:

  • Reduces the amount of food which enter the stomach
  • Promotes excess weight loss
  • Does not involve any cuts or bypassing of the stomach
  • Requires very short stay at the hotel, usually less than 24 hours not risky,
  • Lowest level of complexity
  • Does not lead to any vitamin problems

Disadvantages of gastric band surgery:

  • Weight loss is not fast
  • Your body will held a foreign body
  • Band can have mechanical problem
  • Might redo the operation in some cases

Duodenal Switch: 

Just like gastric bypass surgery. It involves dividing the stomach into two parts to create a small pouch of the stomach. Then, The first portion of the small intestine (the duodenum) is divided just past the outlet of the stomach and a part of the last portion of the small intestine is then connected to the newly created stomach. In this case and when the patient eats, the f ood will enter the new stomach and empties into the last portion of the new intestine. 

Advantages of duodenal switch:

  • The most rapid weight loss surgery
  • Expect to lose no less than 70% of your weight. Which is considered to be a high rate.

Disadvantages duodenal switch:

  • The most complicated surgery among all of them
  • Requires a long stay at hospital
  • Requires several visits to the doctor after the surgery
  • The chances of causing vitamin deficiencies are high in this type of surgery. 

Despite being able to solve the problem that hundreds of thousands of people complain about, you need to understand that bariatric surgeries or weight loss surgeries are not as easy as you think, it can cause side effects in your body or can lead to some depression when going through hormone changes. Thus,  You absolutely need a professional doctor or medical team to do it for you. In addition, you must share all of your health information with the doctor including your medical history report to avoid any problem during the surgery or after the surgery and to guarantee having the best results. 

Frequently Asked Questions About Bariatric Surgery

What is obesity surgery?

Obesity surgery, weight loss surgery, or bariatric surgery. Is performed to help severly obese patients to lose weight by reducing the amount of consumed food and change the anatomy of the digestive tract.

Are there different types of weight loss surgery?

Yes, there are several types and forms of weight loss surgery. They differ with tools used in the surgery but share the same goal, which is helping the patient lose weight.

What is the most common type?

The Gastric Balloon is one of if not the most famous one because it does not take much time to be done and forces the patient to consume less amounts of food which results in healthy loss of weight.

What is BMI and how is it related to weight loss surgery?

BMI or “ Body Mass Index “ is a measure of body fat based on height and weight. This index is used on adults and helps doctors to determine if the patient needs weight loss surgery or not. In general, a BMI of 30 or greater indicates an obesity case that requires weight loss surgery.

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Acibadem Bakirkoy Hospital

Zeytinlik, Halit Ziya Uşaklıgil Cd. No: 1, 34140
Bakırköy/İstanbul, Turkey.


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